Castes are often hereditary and include things like only marrying people within the caste, working a limited number of jobs, and often staying within a certain position in the social hierarchy. With India gaining independence and job opportunities increasing for those belonging to lower castes through a system of reservation, the caste system has somewhat diluted. In fact, kings and warriors were lumped together in the second caste - … Caste system is based on ascribed status, not achieved status*. Caste Stratification is rigid while Class Stratification is Flexible: ADVERTISEMENTS: Caste system of … He spends the first half of this 600 page book on describing the Indian caste system, which is the only fully developed caste system. They are now not only acceptable to upper castes (some are even bosses to lots of people belonging to higher castes); they have easily slipped into a higher class also. Once a man is born in a caste he remains in it for his life-time and makes his children suffer the same fate. A class system is based on both social factors and individual achievement. Men of the lower castes are reborn in higher castes if they have fulfilled their duties.” Caste system in India would not have survived for so many centuries if the religious system had not made it sacred- and inviolable. If a man is born in a labour class, it is not necessary for him to live in the class for life and die in it. In the feudal Japanese social system, the shogun and the imperial family were above the class system. Caste The English word "caste" derives from the Spanish and Portuguese casta, which means "race, lineage, or breed".Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy and hereditary occupations. Comparisons can be risky, but not impossible. Yet another difference between caste and class is that caste has an organic character but class has a segmentary character. In the Bhagavadgita the Creator is said to have apportioned the duties a functions of the four castes. But the power, prestige and pride of race thus engendered could rise to a caste system, with it social separation of groups that are not in fact set apart by any clear social signs, only as the resulting situation was rationalised and made “eternal by religious myths.” It is everybody’s religious duty to fulfill his caste duties in accordance with his ‘dharma’. A social class is a category of people who have a similar socioeconomic status in relation to other classes in the society. When you hear the word 'inequality,' what do you think of? Hence Varna is concerned with one’s colour or occupation. The lower caste women are not regarded as grihnis or family women as the high caste women are. All rights reserved. One main difference between the class system and the caste system is that the class system can still be changed. 2. secular, (iii) endogamuus, (iv) class consciousness and (v) prestige. Recently, the Hon’ble Supreme Court while adjudging the constitutionality of job reservation for the backward classes (OBCS) as provided under Article 16(4) of the Indian Constitution has by a majority opinion upheld the criterion of caste as the determinant of a backward class. Although caste system and class system are still prevalent in countries, there is a clear difference between the two systems.Class systems are found in many countries with haves and have-nots mainly in terms of income and job opportunities, caste system is found mainly in India which is unique in the sense that people are born into a caste and remain ordained to live in it all their lives. In a class system, low status consistency correlates with having more choices and opportunities. Caste The English word "caste" derives from the Spanish and Portuguese casta, which means "race, lineage, or breed".Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy and hereditary occupations. Social mobility. Caste is closed because it based on religion like the caste system in India where power is only obtain based on the caste the people were part of. ; An achievement-based economic system with social mobility and relations between classes is known as an open class system. Do you think of those currently fighting for gay marriage? In case of caste system it is impossible to change one’s caste status. “The rigid … Rather class comes within the caste system is an open system of rating levels above! Still prevalent in countries, there is more than one in a caste class! Way of differentiating people based on physical characteristics are found almost everywhere for his life-time and makes his children the! 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