The thirds section “Research Methodology” will describe the entire method of conducting research. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. Methods: Analysis of nationally representative data from the American Community Survey and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The death rate from HIV/AIDS for African Americans is more than seven times that for whites; the rate of homicide is six times that for whites. Disparity in US Health Care is multifactorial, they reflect the differences in demographics, social-economic as well as environmental factors. The National Healthcare Disparities Report is the “national comprehensive effort to measure differences in access and use of health care services by various populations. The term health disparities is generally referred to as health or health care differences between racial/ethnic groups and includes differences in morbidity, mortality, and access to health care (LaVeist & Issac, 12). ” (Mental Health Report 1999) In 2002, 50 percent of those infected with Hepatitis B was Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Defining a disparity can eliminate confusion that disparities, Poor health habits are a contributing factor to chronic diseases, which could be decreased if health habits are improved. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Many Americans are in poor health and do not receive the best medical care. Various people with different ethnicities face many of the same health risks, but they also have fears unique to their racial, ethnic, cultural upbringings. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in U.S. Health Care There continues to be racial and ethnic disparities in the United States, and these problems need to be addressed since the rate of racial/ethnic populations in the country are steadily rising. Although the estimated HIV/AIDS rate among Pacific Islanders is the lowest in the United States compared with all other racial and ethnic groups, the rate increased an average of 9% each year during 2001–2004. Mental health has been a recurring topic in present society and it is a very large section of health care in general. (CDC, 2007) The American Indians and Alaska natives are also the minority nations having bad health conditions. 5 (up from 2. Despite decades of effort, disparities persist, and changes in the racial and ethnic composition of the population have important consequences for the nation’s health. What are healthcare disparities? Racial/ Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care among U.S. There is a great need to know weather those steps and strategies are working or not. 9%), and were also less likely to have ever received a pneumococcal vaccination (Non-Hipic black: 38. It will point out the main diseases and their relative medical care conditions for the minority people. Critically discuss at least 3 contributors to racial/ethnic disparities in health and healthcare. Race and ethnicity, differences (or disparities) rampant throughout our nation’s health care system. Racial discrimination is rooted in U.S. history. These disparities can sometimes indicate that there is unequal treatment of Americans in our nation. Research has demonstrated that African Americans encounter poor quality of health care compared to other ethnic groups in the US. (2016, Aug 22). Native Americans and Native Alaskans more often lack prenatal care in … June 8, 2012 Asian American, Hipic, and African American residents of nursing homes are all far less likely than white residents to have sensory and communication aids, such as glasses and hearing aids. Improving the health of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States continues to be a public health priority. The research will contain an introduction, background information, Statistical Data, Finding of the survey, Analysis and results, discussion, proposed strategies and conclusion. The data gathering could be through telephone, through internet and preferably by meeting them personally. It is also required to measure the differences in the medical treatment given to the people of different races so that a clear picture of the issue could be achieved. ” a) The behavior of healthcare providers varies for people of different races and ethnicity or not? The population of United States of America is quite diverse as there is substantial numbers of African-American, Hipic, Native American or Asian/Pacific Islander living here. Minorities are less likely to receive needed mental health services. In this regard, the white population of the US is in a disadvantageous position compared to other Americans (See App. ” (AHRQ Fact Sheet 2000) Following is the chart that shows the total number of deaths in America during the year 2001 and the ratio of different minorities’ death due to different diseases. NUR/550 They also have worse health outcomes for certain conditions. Publication of the Institute of Medicine report Unequal Treatment (Smedley, Stith, and Nelson 2003) represented a key transition point in the field of disparities research.Up to that point, the vast majority of studies had been descriptive in nature, documenting racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in specific domains of clinical care. The data will be access to get the key findings which will be use in order to develop future strategies for preventing and minimizing the minorities healthcare disparities. Black teenagers and young adults become infected with Hepatitis B three to four times more often than those who are white. African Americans seem to have benefitted the most in terms of uninsured rates. ” Background Information There is great rise in healthcare discrimination for minorities in United States. Introduction Disparity is “the condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree” and healthcare disparity refers to unsatisfactory situation when patients receive unequal medical treatment and care. After getting the entire questionnaire filled by the decided number of people, the next step would be finding out the results. Relatively smaller declines … All these requirements can be fulfilled by this proposed study as it is intended to focus upon the nation’s role in minimizing minorities’ healthcare disparities. It will be a systematic approach and managed effort for minimizing the minorities healthcare disparities. Racial and Ethnic Disparity in Healthcare. 4. Goal: Assess the effect of the ACA’s major coverage expansions on disparities in access to care among adults. The research will focus on the points that how the people are responding towards the strategies designed for reducing the healthcare disparities among the minority population, how much the working pattern of healthcare provider has changed for minorities, how the white people are changing their attitude for non whites and weather the victims (minority population) are feeling any difference in their treatment and care or not. It will also inform about demography and geography of the people included in the study, the number of people questioned, the number of questions asked, the method of conducting survey either through telephone, internet, post or personal meetings. After history there will be present picture of the issue; the ratio of different racial and ethnic groups in the population of United States and their health condition. Contractor institutions review all relevant scientific literature on assigned clinical care topics and produce evidence reports and technology assessments, conduct research on methodologies and the effectiveness of their implementation, and participate in technical assistance activities (AHRQ Fact Sheet). ” (Health People 2010) The Hipic population is also facing low level medical care which has resulted in their poor health conditions. Some factors are responsible for this issue like “lack of health insurance, an inadequate number of health care facilities, patient dumping, difficulty in obtaining prescription drugs and an insufficient number of African-American doctors. Racial and ethnic inequalities are distressing facets in health care among most American people. Denver School of Nursing This effort will result in the gathering of complete authentic background information about the issue that will be helpful for the other scholars intended to work in the field. Only 42% of Hipics aged 65 years or older receive a pneumonia or annual flu shot, compared with 63% of whites. The problem statement will be expresses in the questionnaire. Most of the questions will be multiple choices and in some there would be open field for people to express their views. When the medical care and treatment become unequal on racial and ethnic grounds, it gives rise to minorities healthcare disparities. A conclusion would windup the research report. The systematically gathered data about the health condition and medical care will facilitate the policy making people and while formulating the health policy for minorities, it will be significant to know their health condition with respect to several diseases and their treatment. 6 times more likely to have diagnosed diabetes compared with non-Hipic Whites, African Americans were 2. The report of the proposed research will also provide authentic data and detailed background information of the issue that will aid in formulating policies for the betterment of the sector. 9%; Non-Hipic white: 50. This assignment provides an opportunity to reflect on, analyze, and write about group differences and health disparities. Therefore, the cost of treating chronic illnesses would decrease. The report proved there is in-fact, racial and ethnic disparities in American health care, and amid the many health care services available. bc. Barriers and Disparities in Health Care In the United States, one of the wealthiest countries in the world, it is quite obvious that millions of people are not able to enjoy the benefits of our gross domestic product or national income. To gain an understanding of these, Racial And Ethnic Disparities Of Health Care. The social scientists and psychologists can also dig out some solutions from the thinking style of people and they can also work for changing people behaviors and their perception of the issue. Racial and ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related deaths have persisted over time. A health disparity/inequality is a particular type of difference in health or in the most important influences on health that could potentially be shaped by policies; it is a difference in which disadvantaged social groups (such as the poor, racial/ethnic minorities, women, or other groups that have persistently experienced social disadvantage or discrimination) systematically experience worse health or greater … Minorities have less access to, and availability of, mental health services. Racial, Ethnic, and Socio-economical Disparities in Mental Health Traveling with a family to Montreal is a chance to explore one’s self, as well as family bonds and the kindness of others. Barriers and Disparities in Health Care number: 206095338. Overall, the United States should spend more money on preventative care that would decrease chronic diseases and illnesses. What is meant here is the fact that representatives of different racial and ethnic groups suffer from disparity in access to health care services. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. The WHO defines mental health as a state of well-being in which an individual. Paige S. Hogeland Table 1). African Americans with HIV infection are less likely to be on antiretroviral therapy, less likely to receive prophylaxis for Pneumocystis pneumonia, and less likely to be receiving protease inhibitors than other persons with HIV. ” (Cara A. Fauci, 1996) There is lack of medical facilities availability to the minority population for example, the “African Americans are 13 percent less likely to undergo coronary angioplasty and one-third less likely to undergo bypass surgery than are whites, Among preschool children hospitalized for asthma, only 7 percent of black and 2 percent of Hipic children, compared with 21 percent of white children, are prescribed routine medications to prevent future asthma-related hospitalizations. The key finding will help in formulating the strategies for the betterment of situation. qualitytools. Significance of the Research The research will focus on the purpose of eliminating the healthcare disparities among minorities. Data on racial and ethnic disparities. They also have high blood pressure and obesity rate as compared with non Hipics. Although significant health disparities occur for many groups, disparities in health and health care are most likely to occur among women who are members of racial and ethnic minority groups. These diseases include Infant Mortality, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis, Mental Problems, Cancer, Heart Diseases, Diabetes, Immunizations and HIV AIDS. It will include the problem statement, questionnaire, survey sampling, data gathering tools and methods. The statistics detailing racial and ethnic disparities in health quality and health care in the St. Louis region and the barriers that face patients seeking access to health care are documented in the St. Louis Regional Health Commission's Report entitled Building a Healthier Saint Louis. The length of time between an abnormal screening mammogram and the follow up diagnostic test to determine whether a woman has breast cancer is more than twice as long in Asian American, black, and Hipic women as in white women. A new study of nursing home care is developing measures of disparities in this care setting and their relationship to quality of care. Thus, racial and ethnic differentials in the quantity and quality of care are a likely contributor to racial disparities in health status. University of St. Francis NAM found that “racial and ethnic minorities receive lower-quality health care than white people—even when insurance status, income, age, and severity of conditions are comparable.” By “lower-quality health care,” NAM meant the concrete, inferior care that physicians give their black patients. The Hypothesis or Problem Statement and Introduction of Research The research study will focus on the nation’s awareness about the minorities’ healthcare disparities and will focus on the attitude and thinking ways of general public and healthcare providers. The diabetes and infant mortality rate is almost double among them as compared with the white Americans. Everyone should have the opportunity to achieve a healthy life and have comprehensive health care services available to them. The discussion will be followed by the “Proposed Strategies” where there will be suggestions about the steps that could be taken in order to reduce the disparities in minority healthcare and to create better awareness in nation about the problem. The healthcare providers who discriminates the minority people will be accessed and they were asked to analyze their attitude towards minorities. Racial and ethnic disparities in health care – whether in insurance coverage, access, or quality of care – are one of many factors producing inequalities in health … The report includes a broad set of performance measures that can serve as baseline views of differences in the use of services. A research study is proposed in order to find out the role of healthcare provider in promoting these healthcare disparities. Minorities are underrepresented in mental health research. Taxation to subsidise public schooling had not yet been introduced. It will develop a communication link among different people of the society. Disparity in health is significant among some income, racial, and ethnic groups in America and is still expanding. Racial Disparities in Health Insurance Including its Accessibility, Usage and Financial Impact In a world that has made great strides in social equalities, racial disparities in the health care industry are still a prevalent matter. 9 times more likely. An HIV infection data coordinating center, now under development, will allow researchers to compare contemporary data on HIV care to examine whether disparities in care among groups are being addressed and to identify any new patterns in treatment that arise. Pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 live births (the pregnancy-related mortality ratio or PRMR) for black and AI/AN women older than 30 was four to five times as high as it was for white women. According to the 2001 United States Census, “racial/ethnic minority populations are growing at such a fast rate that by 2050 more than 50% of the population will belong to a minority group” (Weech-Maldonado, Al-Amin, Nishimi, Salam, 2011). The infant mortality rate is going down in America but the African American still have a high infant mortality rate which is almost double than the white Americans. ” (AHRQ) The 2003 report is also available online at http://www. The problem of racial and ethnic health care disparities is highlighted in various statistics: Minorities have less access to health care than whites. The strategies designed by different research organizations are successful in changing nation’s way of thinking or not. The questionnaire will consists of more then 5 questions which will be aimed at finding out the people opinions and thinking about the issue. A research was conducted by the “Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality – AHRQ” in the year 2003, under the name of “National Healthcare Disparities Report”. Cynthia Holsen R.N. When the medical care and treatment become unequal on racial and ethnic grounds, it gives rise to minorities healthcare disparities. This logic could be used to justify the exclusion of non-Whites from, The study by Kim et al., (2013), examined racial and ethnic disparities in older black and white adults and the role of geography in mental health service use and care. African Culture And Personality: Bad Social Science, Effective Social Activism, Or A Call To Reinvent Ethnology? The older blacks in the, Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health Treatment The introduction is an important part of the thesis. Healthcare disparities have been an issue all over the world for a very long time. (US Census Bureau 2005) This changing composition of population is making differences in various sectors but the nation is facing an important challenge with respect to the biasness in healthcare. The survey could be a great opportunity for the minorities to express their thinking and to share their experiences. • More research and data collection related to racial and ethnic health disparities is needed to empower stakeholders to better understand and address the problem of disparities. In 1900, one in eight American was non white but at present one in four is non white and it is estimated that by the year 2070, each one of two American will be non white. “Heart disease death rates are mor Compared with whites, members of racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to receive preventive health services and often receive lower-quality care. 9%)”. There continues to be racial and ethnic disparities in the United States, and these problems need to be addressed since the rate of racial/ethnic populations in the country are steadily rising. The main causes of this discrimination was based on biasness in provision of health care, stereotyping of health practitioners and prejudice among the health professionals. Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders accounted for 22 percent of those cases, even though they made up less than four percent of the U. S. population. ” This report is also available online at http://www. The Need to Conduct the Study: The above stated information clearly throws the light on the situation of minorities’ health in United States. The research will focus on the behaviors of nation especially the healthcare providers and their practice pattern in order to point out their contribution towards amplifying these disparities. Once the results came out they can be analyze in different ways, with respect to race and ethnicity, with respect to age, with respect to gender or with respect to profession or locality. Racial discrepancies are not a result of individual behavior instead they are deeply rooted in the policies, procedures and rules of the health care institutions. htm Another research is done by AHRQ “Strategies for Improving Minority Healthcare Quality”. The purpose of this paper is to give you knowledge on disparities within the health care environment. It is likely that African Americans are more likely to gain the insurance coverage through Health Insurance Marketplace and Medicaid expansion under the ACA, compared with whites. The context of America’s history with race shapes the minds of physicians both implicitly and overtly (Feagin & Bennefield, 2014). The quality of medical care and treatment is different for minorities There are some basic factors responsible for this disparity like “differences in socioeconomic level i. e. income and education, language barriers, differences in health behaviors of consumers, lack of diversity in the health care workforce, lack of multi-cultural knowledge and actual discrimination and stereotyping by health care providers” (American Hospital Association). Wealth affords those who attain it, certain societal benefits which include entree. Some researches have been done by different organizations that focused on minority healthcare disparities and strategic plan for their reduction. Health can be termed as an absence of disease, but it really is much more than that and should encompass every facet of the human, mind and body. The critique of this article examined disparities addressed but also the lack of other minorities suffering lack of mental health service use. ” (Healthy People 2010) There are many diseases which are very common among the minorities and causing high death rates among them. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities reports on the scholarly progress of work to understand, address, and ultimately eliminate health disparities based on race and ethnicity. Ksenia Bruner In short the purpose of the study is to get a better understanding of the minorities healthcare disparities and to find out the ways for the reduction of this disparity. Adolescents Qualitative Research Essay This article is primarily a review of already existing data from a study carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care The problems statement or hypothesis for the research will be “Is our nation doing enough to reduce racial and ethnic disparity in healthcare? In 2004, non-Hipic black persons were less likely than non-Hipic white persons to have received a flu shot during the past 12 months (Non-Hipic black: 32. (NCHSTP Division of TB Elimination) Medical Care and Treatment of Minorities. The research is proposed to done in quantities method and the data gathered through the survey from different people will provide a picture about the thinking and interpretation of the issue. It will be evaluated weather there is complete awareness among the people about the issue or not. It also examines differences in use of services by priority populations. 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. The Purpose and Objective of Research The research study is aimed at improving the healthcare conditions of minorities in United States by expanding the information about the minorities’ healthcare with reference to particular diseases like heart problem, cancer, AIDS and infant mortality etc. Only 28% receive the pneumonia shot, compared with 61% of whites. The situation demands the attention of scholars and social scientists to work for its betterment. During 2001-2004, 68% of all women reported with AIDS were African American; among men, just under half (44%) of the new cases of HIV and AIDS were in African Americans. It will be a qualitative research; a survey of major healthcare units where the health care providers (doctors and medical staff) and the patients (both White and Non-Whites) will be questioned about the issue. 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